The franchise made its debut in Beauport in 1990.
The team was named the Harfangs and it played its games in the Marcel-Bédard Centre.
In 1995-96, club general manager, Raymond Bolduc, hired Alain Vigneault to take over the bench boss duties. Vigneault led the team to its first President Cup final, but the team fell to the eventual Memorial Cup champion, the Granby Predateurs.
In 1996-97, the franchise fell on hard times, and Swiss owner Jurg Staubli thought about moving the team to Lewiston, Maine.
A group comprised of Jacques Tanguay, Michel Cadrin and Patrick Roy bought the franchise and kept it in Quebec City.
The Remparts were reborn.
Head coach Guy Chouinard took the team to news heights during the 1998-99 campaign. The Remparts went 27 straight games without a loss (from September 2 to December 6, 1998) tying the record set in 1973-74 by the Sorel Éperviers. The record has since been broken by the Rimouski Océanic (28 straight games without a loss).
In 2003, Quebec City hosted the Memorial Cup, but the team lost all three of its games.
The arrival of Patrick Roy behind the bench during the 2005-06 season propelled the Remparts to a Memorial Cup win over the Wildcats as Alexander Radulov, the 2006 CHL player of the year, exploded offensively to enable the team to hoist the Cup on May 28 in Moncton. It would mark the first time in history that two teams from the "Q" met in the Memorial Cup final.
From 2005-06 to 2012-13, Patrick Roy led the team as the Head Coach. The players were pushed to their highest level of excellence, and the results were really great: 8 consecutive seasons with a winning percentage over the .500 mark.
During the spring of 2015, one of the most exciting Final Series was played, but the Remparts lost in the 7th and decisive game against the Rimouski Oceanic. Despite the crual defeat, Adam Erne received the Guy-Lafleur Trophy as the Most Valuable Player in the Playoffs.
In 2006-07, the Remparts established a new QMJHL attendance record. More than 300,000 fans came at "Le Colisée Pepsi" during the season. But when the team transferred in the new arena, the Centre Vidéotron, 492,597 fans attended the 36 games played during the season and the playoffs, a record never seen before in the Canadian Hockey League.